Consequent to buying a home is the responsibility to keep the property and its facilities well maintained once you already own it. One facility commonly overlooked by a lot of home owners is the septic system. This especially needs proper rigid maintenance as this is mainly responsible for containing wastes from your home and treating waste water. Health problems and environmental contamination are possible risks resulting from poorly maintained septic system.
To begin with, a typical septic system has four main components. The pipe from your house transports the wastes into the septic tank, which is usually buried in the ground. This container is commonly made from fiberglass, polyethylene or concrete. It functions mainly in aiding the decomposition of solid materials flowing with the waste water. After the solid materials are processed, they are further disintegrated in the drain field. And then these particles when fully refined would be directed to the soil. The soil is then responsible for waste water treatment, as it absorbs bacteria and other harmful organisms in the waste water before it can reach groundwater.
Professional evaluation has to be pursued in order to determine if the septic system in your prospective property is in good shape. Its design, construction and maintenance would be inspected. Primarily, the soil would be checked if its quality corresponds to the system installed in it. There are different types of soil, and each has its own level of accommodating particular amount of waste water and its treatment. The size and quality of the tank have to be assessed so as to determine its capacity. The tank has to be checked if it has leaks. Untreated water leaking from the tank can cause adverse health problems. And the drain field should be properly leveled. If it has poor elevation, waste water can easily overload the system.
According to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, there are further steps a home owner has to undergo in securing the septic system. A regular inspection at least once every three years for a typical system is recommended. The professional service provider must locate and uncover access holes, measure build up of scum, identify leaks and pump the tank. Other septic systems with electrical float switches, pumps or mechanical components require more frequent evaluation, at least once a year. The drain field should be safeguarded against factors that might clog or damage the whole system such as roots from overgrown trees or shrubs or direct exposure to water drainage systems. The latter water sources can cause the drain field to overflow and the soil to erode.
Furthermore, home practices should also be modified. Efficient water use and consumption are a must. Lessen usage of water so as to lessen the waste water entering the tank. Leaking pipes, toilets and other water fixtures must be repaired immediately or replaced with high-efficiency ones. Waste disposal should also be done responsibly. Feminine napkins, tissue paper, cigarette butts, cat litter, food remains and other bathroom or kitchen wastes should not be flushed down the toilet or sink. These could clog the pipes easily, thus affecting effective waste decomposition and waste water treatment.
When these measures are properly implemented, your septic system will be guaranteed to work properly at all times. Thus, you are providing your home better living conditions.
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