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Understanding the Septic System

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By : Roby Hicks    99 or more times read
The septic system is an essential part of the waste management of a certain property. However, not everyone understands its use and how it works. This system is created to hold the biological waste of the house. This is essential in order to make sure that it is disposed of properly. When the waste goes through this, it transforms the waste into a component that is more acceptable for the environment.

Several components affect how the septic system performs. Even the different parts of the house affect it. The sink, the tubs and the toilets are just some of the factors influencing how the system works. In addition to that, the house, the ground and the soil can also influence the performance of the septic system.

You also need to understand that the system has various parts. The different parts include the septic tank, the distribution box and the leach field. These parts are essential for the system to work. The tank holds the biological and other wastes. Here is where the bacterial transformation takes place. After that, the end-product takes various forms. There is the solid, the gas and the liquid. The solid are the undigested parts of the wastes. They sink at the bottom of the tank while the scum remain afloat. The baffles in the tank keep the said wastes from getting out of the tank. The solid end-product should be pumped out regularly too.

Meanwhile, the gas end-product goes through the plumbing vent system. It is here where the gas is vented out. The fluid, on the other hand, passes through the different pipes, which bring the water to the leach field where it is absorbed.

The septic tank is normally placed outside the house, about ten feet from it. The top portion of the tank should be about one foot below the surface of the soil. This will allow the homeowner to inspect it. This will also make the pumping of the solid waste easier. Although this is not often done, you need to make the tank more accessible.

Make sure that you check the area before deciding where to position the drain field. This is important because there might be a well, pond or other bodies of water nearby. If there is, you need to make sure that the drain field is located 100 feet from it. the well should not be down slope of the said field too.

Septic tanks do not only hold human wastes. It also holds other liquid household wastes like the laundry. Although this is the case, you still need to be careful with the liquid waste you dispose through your sink and toilets. Avoid dumping toxic liquids there. Examples of such fluids are solvent and insecticides. Prevent dumping oil and fats in there as well.

Bear in mind that the maintenance of the septic system is your responsibility. See to it that you monitor it regularly. If you leave it unattended, it will most likely result to problems. Replacing the septic system is expensive. And if it is damaged, it may cause contamination of your ground water.

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