A lot of people may not know what happens after they flush the toilet. Questions in mind like where do the water go or what happens to the water after being drained, arises. Basically, they all go to your septic tank where initial water treatment takes place.
Septic systems are means of waste water disposal. It is a closed system that facilitates waste water to enter septic tanks, which are built under ground. Most people do not know where their septic tanks are because they are hidden. However, they are designed that way for sanitation purposes.
In a typical home, the septic system is composed of 4 main components. These are the pipes, the tank, the drain field and the soil.
The pipes from the house lead waste water to the septic tank. Once they reach the tank, waste water would have to stay there for days to undergo the treatment process. So here's what happens, solid and semi-solid waste must separate before they get drained out of the tank. The solid waste would settle at the bottom of the tank and takes form of a sludge. The other types of waste float on top of the water and form a layer of scum.
After the liquid effluent is separated from its solid components and viscous fluids, it will be drained from the septic tanks through a T-tube with pipes leading to the leach field or drain field.
In the drain field, pipes with holes are scattered all over it. Once the water is expelled, it goes directly to the soil. The soil is where further water treatment takes place. Waste water undergoes percolation, where they are filtered and further treated to remove harmful microorganism. After the final treatment process, water is then returned to the groundwater.
Septic system must be maintained at all times. Every homeowner should realize the importance of maintenance as this ensures a reliable waste disposal and treatment process.
To maintain septic systems, the following things must be done:
Regular inspection of septic tanks- usually every 3 to 5 years.
Efficient use of water- installation of water efficient fixtures and observance of conservation methods.
Proper disposal of solid waste- avoid throwing cottons, toilet papers, napkins and other solid matter into the toilet.
Keep drain field intact- do this by avoiding planting trees on top of the drain field. You can also try to avoid parking your cars on top of it.
Avoid draining too much chemicals and other toxic waste- anything that could destroy the septic tank and could possibly contaminate water should be drain through other means.
There are alternative systems to use if this kind of waste disposal is not feasible. They may be looked into, especially if the soil fails the Perc test. Either way, whether typical septic system or not, they should be properly cared for to maintain sanitation in your property. At the same time, it helps you lessen the chances of getting the septic tank clogged or backed up, which then could lead to expensive maintenance solutions.
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