Eliminating harmful bacteria, particles and trace minerals in the water is essential to make it potable. There are several water treatment methods available, and filtration systems are commonly found in many residences. If you want such system to be installed in your home, get to know how the process works and what are its types.
The filtration process is to make tap water free of contaminants and impurities. It usually involves four steps. The first one is the pre-filtration wherein rock, mud, feces and other debris from the incoming water are removed. The second one is the sediment filtration wherein smaller particles unfiltered previously would be eliminated. The next step is the carbon block filtration where carbon bonding occurs, which promotes cleansing the water from pesticides, herbicides and other chemical substances. The last step involves ultraviolet light to kill bacteria, viruses, fungi and algae. Further stages can be incorporated in the process, if needed.
To know the filtration system type appropriate for your home, you primarily have to test the water. You have two ways to go about this. First is to do the testing yourself using a home water test kit. This contains strips that will be used to test for different water impurities. Choose one that offers as many capabilities in detecting as many particles like bacteria, compounds and minerals. Some kits also offer testing the hardness, alkalinity and pH balance of the water.
While the do-it-yourself option may be cheaper, it may be less effective as opposed to professional water testing via a laboratory facility. If you opt for this, ask the local health department for a referral to a reputable water testing firm.
Upon deciding the system you would install, base your decision on the result of the water testing. This is important so you do not have to waste your resources for a system that would not eliminate particles that needs to be removed after all. To get you started, here are some filtration systems commonly used for residential homes:
Faucet or tap-mounted filter – this usually eliminates bacteria and trace minerals and reduces odors. This is the simplest mechanism to make your water clean enough to be used for drinking and cooking.
Under-the-sink filter – this can get rid of the bad taste, odor, trace minerals, bacteria and sediment present in the water. It filters even the water going through the dishwasher.
Sink-and-shower combination system – zinc, copper, lead, chlorine and arsenic additives can be eradicated from the water using this type. It also addresses water hardness issues in a way.
Whole-house filtration system – this may be the most effective option to make all the water sources in your home to be free from contaminates and trace minerals. And due to this high efficiency performance, it costs way more expensive than all the other options. Then again, the initial cost upon purchasing and installing this system will be off set by the multitude of health benefits due to having clean water.
If your water is distributed by your municipality source, you do not have to undergo through these steps. However, if you suspect biological contaminants are present in your water, immediately notify appropriate people to address the problem as soon as possible.
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