Size, Shape And Where to Position Your Pond- By: Kevin Portman
Size of Your Pond
Miniponds like half-barrels, deep sinks and small rigid liners can be used to house aquatic plants and some Glodfish, but for a proper pond that may be anticipated to stay clear you need to aim for a water surface of at least 40 sq. ft. The minimum depth of water is required to be 18 inches at some point. If the surface area is 50 sq. ft or more and if you intend to have various types of fish, then a depth of 24 inches is better. For the larger ponds of several hundred sq. ft a depth of 30 inches is required.
Donít forget that a shelf is necessary for housing the Marginal plants which need their crowns to be covered by water - this shelf can run round part or the entire of the pond. It is required to be no less than 10 inches wide and it must be 9 inches under the water surface.
Shape of The Pond
Square and rectangle shapes can be made with concrete or building blocks, and are also available as rigid liners. A large a number of other shapes may be purchased as rigid liners including circles, ovals, oblongs and even triangles and irregular forms. With a Flexible liner it will be best to follow a shape with gentle curves. At all costs avoid fussy shapes and sharp corners as they are not easy to produce with polythene, PVC or butyl sheeting. Both vertical and gentle sloping sides may also pose problems so the very best recommendation is aim to get a 20 degree slope.
The most effective position for your pond
Where you decide to make your pond is very crucial. To get a worthwhile display form your Water Lillies and other aquatic plants the site is required to be shade free for no less than 5 - 6 hours through the day. Having said that, the location of your pond should must be protected from the prevailing wind to avoid scorching of young foliage along with the toppling of tall marginal plants. Hanging trees are also a significant problem. They cast shade naturally, however the hidden danger is that their leaves fall into the pond and decompose which in turn produces salts and gases which are damaging towards the fish as well as encouraging that appalling green algae to flourish.
Trees which are the most most dangerous to pond owners include Willow, Horse Chestnut, Poplar, Laburnum, Holly, Laurel and Rhododendron. As well as these there exist the Cherry and Plum trees, these two trees are hosts to the Water Lily Aphid coupled with that the tree roots which themselves can damage some pond linings.
Now, apart from avoiding danger spots there's also a need for convenience and eye-appeal. Ideally the pond should be as close as possible to some source of electricity and water and also close enough to the home for the fountain or waterfall to be seen and heard. The reflection in the water ought to be attractive to the eye and where possible an informal pond needs to be sited on the lowest part of the garden.
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